Cyber Security: Job Description, Salary, and Training
Cyber security has become increasingly important for national security. A cyber attack can damage computer networks or give criminals access to bank accounts or other highly classified information that can put United States citizens in danger.
To combat this, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security has created a team of cyber security professionals to help keep America safe from cyber threats. Private companies also hire cyber security professionals to keep their data safe.
There are a variety of career options in the cyber security field, each with its own job description, pay and education requirements. For example, according to a survey by Robert Half Technology, a network security administrator made between $85,000 and $117,750 in 2012. The survey results are listed in the Occupational Outlook Handbook from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
“Demand for information security analysts is expected to be very high,” according to the BLS website. “Cyber attacks have grown in frequency and sophistication over the last few years, and many organizations are behind in their ability to detect these attacks.”
According to the BLS, employment of information security analysts, web developers and computer network architects is expected to increase by 22% from 2010 to 2020.
Job Skills for Cyber Security
Being able to keep up to date with the latest technologies, security information and potential threats is one of the most vital job skills for any cyber security position. This field is always changing as new threats emerge and old threats evolve, so professionals working in this area must consistently learn and grow to keep up.
Cyber security professionals must be able to work on a team and follow directions. Whether they work in the public or private sector, there are particular rules and regulations to follow. Since people working in cyber security are privy to such important and private information, trust is an essential factor to hiring within this field.
Work Environment Cyber Security
Working in cyber security usually takes place in office environments, behind a computer. These positions tend to be full-time. If an emergency occurs, cyber security professionals might have to work some overtime hours during non-traditional business hours.
Education Requirements for Cyber Security
Education requirements vary based on position. The BLS states that information security analyst positions often require at least a bachelor’s degree in programming, computer science or a similar field.
“Employers of information security analysts sometimes prefer applicants who have a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems,” according to the BLS website. “Programs offering the MBA in information systems generally require 2 years of study beyond the undergraduate level and include both business and computer-related course.”